Fluid in the Uterus: Causes and symptoms

Ordinarily, the uterus does not hold water in its cavities. It only does during pregnancy. Presence of fluid in the uterus is indicative of an anomaly. The problem however is that most women that suffer this condition are barely aware of it. They only get to discover by a sonogram, or after the symptoms of the condition starts manifesting.

Fluid in the Uterus

A normal uterus does not accumulate fluid. When it does, the fluid flows out via a cervical opening.

  • The amniotic sac, an integral component of the placenta, supplies a developing fetus food and water during pregnancy. This leads to the buildup of amniotic fluid within the uterus.

This amniotic fluid then gushes out during labor

  • While menstruating, most women see blood flow out through their cervix. This condition is what results when the endometrial layers get sloughed off.
  • Fluid sometimes accumulates in the uterus, oftentimes taking the form of fibroids or polyps. This condition isn’t malignant, but oftentimes lead to the buildup of fluids in a woman’s uterus.
  • Viral infection which is responsible for most common inflammatory diseases sometimes causes fluid to accumulate in a woman’s uterus. PID sometimes causes uterine tissue to get inflamed. When this happens, the uterus suffers irritation caused by the presence of certain bacteria.

Causes of fluid accumulation in the Uterus

Aging is the major cause of fluid accumulation in the uterus.

  • A pregnant woman most times sees fluid accumulate in her uterus. However, this condition is very normal and should not be feared.
  • The cervixes of women who are advanced in age oftentimes suffer cervical stenosis.


  • The accumulation of fluid in the intra-uterine signifies menopause in women.

History of endometrial Ablation

  • A woman who had at some point suffered endometrial ablation is likely become stenosed, leading to the opening of her cervix.

Fibroids and Tumors

  • Tumors or fibroids when they develop in the uterine wall cause the opening of the cervix.

Inserting foreign objects like uterine devices, can lead to the fluid accumulation especially when such devices get infected.

Symptoms of fluid in the Uterus

Fluid accumulation in the uterus is mostly asymptomatic. However, some of the common symptoms which accompany the condition include:

  • Accumulation of fluid in the uterine
  • Pain in the pelvic area. This is indicative of fluid accumulation in the uterus. This symptom is also accompanied by pelvic pressure which causes the lower abdomen and uterus to feel heavy.
  • Bloating, abdominal cramps and feeling as though the abdomen is full are common symptoms.
  • Fluid accumulation in the uterus sometimes affects the respiratory track. This in turn leads to shortened breath and difficult breathing.
  • Discharge of foul smelling fluid known as leucorrhea is another common symptom experienced by women whose uterus has been filled with fluid.

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